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Navigating Ethical Waters in the Age of AI Decision-Making at the Smart City Expo World Congress

Against the backdrop of the Smart City Expo World Congress in Barcelona, Susie Ruston McAleer, a member of the disinformation project TITAN, explored the latest in cutting edge solutions for public sector service delivery.

TITAN AI brochure outside Smart City Expo

The annual event serves as a dynamic hub for cutting-edge ideas and innovations, bringing together thought leaders, industry experts, and enthusiasts from around the globe. Among the wealth of insights, three key themes emerged for TITAN, shedding light on the future trajectory of smart city development.

  1. Digital Twins Take Center Stage: One of the resounding trends echoing through the corridors of the congress was the prominence of digital twins in the realm of urban planning and decision making. Cities are increasingly turning to digital replicas of physical infrastructure to gain comprehensive insights into their operations. Whether it be optimising traffic flow, predicting maintenance needs, or enhancing disaster response, the versatility of digital twins is proving invaluable in shaping the smart cities of tomorrow.

  2. Urgent Demand for Data Spaces: Another key takeaway emphasised the urgent need for data spaces to facilitate innovation in smart city initiatives. As urban environments become more interconnected, the sheer volume and diversity of data generated necessitate structured and secure spaces for storage, sharing, and analysis. Data spaces emerge as the linchpin for fostering collaboration among stakeholders, enabling the seamless exchange of information, and unlocking new possibilities for innovation in areas such as transportation, energy management, and public services.

  3. The Inevitable Rise of AI: It comes as no surprise that artificial intelligence emerged as a dominant theme at the conference. From intelligent traffic management to predictive maintenance and personalised citizen services, AI is poised to revolutionise how cities function. The congress underscored that the integration of AI is not a question of if but when. As urban challenges grow in complexity, the adaptive and learning capabilities of AI systems are becoming indispensable tools for decision-makers striving to enhance efficiency, sustainability, and overall quality of life in smart cities.

However, while AI presents unprecedented opportunities for innovation, there is a growing recognition that its implementation should be approached with a discerning mindset. The need for human oversight, ethical considerations, and a critical evaluation of AI-generated insights will become prominent themes. TITAN believes that encouraging a culture of critical thinking ensures that the transformative power of AI is harnessed responsibly, enhancing decision-making processes and empowering communities to navigate the complexities of smart city evolution. In the era of AI, the synergy between technological advancement and human cognitive skills is essential for shaping a future where innovation is not only ground breaking but also thoughtful and considerate.


Taking part in a congress panel on disruptive technologies for cities Ruston McAleer challenged the audience to shift their focus from the technical possibilities of AI for decision-making to a more critical question: whether we should. We should all be questioning the appropriateness of using AI in decision-making. By asking not "whether we can" but "whether we should," we prompt a broader conversation about values, responsibilities, and the ethical boundaries that should guide the incorporation of AI into the decision-making processes shaping urban landscapes. We should encourage all stakeholders to navigate the ethical waters carefully, considering issues such as transparency, accountability, and the potential societal consequences of decisions made by AI systems.


Next year TITAN aims to get disinformation and institutional trust into the agenda. As cities continue to evolve, addressing these challenges will become part of the intricate landscape of smart city innovation, ensuring that technology is harnessed responsibly, and people can think and use it autonomously, to create more sustainable, efficient, and liveable urban environments.

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